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    全國人大代表曹京宜:瞄準戰斗力,裝備防腐蝕也是重點

    2019年03月17日 瀏覽量: 評論(0) 來源: 中國涂界網 作者: 李思豪
    摘要:3月12日,中國軍視網邀請全國人大代表、海軍研究院某研究室主任、海軍裝備技術研究所涂料專家曹京宜做客《兩會論兵》演播室,為您講述裝備防腐蝕有多重要。

    1994年,曹京宜到海軍來工作的時候,我國裝備的腐蝕控制能力是非常薄弱的。她見證了我國裝備腐蝕控制能力的增長,參與了海軍飛速發展的建設。

    3月12日,中國軍視網邀請全國人大代表、海軍研究院某研究室主任、海軍裝備技術研究所涂料專家曹京宜做客《兩會論兵》演播室,為您講述裝備防腐蝕有多重要。

    全國人大代表、海軍裝備技術研究所涂料專家曹京宜采訪視頻

    據中國之聲《新聞和報紙摘要》報道,連日來,解放軍和武警部隊代表圍繞科技興軍話題展開熱議,大家一致表示,要堅持向科技創新要戰斗力,為實現黨在新時代的強軍目標提供有力支撐。

    海洋裝備腐蝕控制是世界性難題,對海軍戰斗力產生重要影響。全國人大代表、海軍研究院某研究室主任曹京宜說,在自主創新的道路上,近年來人民海軍裝備腐蝕控制能力建設也取得了新的進步。

    曹京宜說:“我是1994年到海軍來工作的,當時裝備的腐蝕控制能力是非常薄弱的,經常下到底艙的時候,底下都是油污水。但是隨著這么多年持續投入的工作,現在的腐蝕防護水平有了大幅度的提高。去年年底,我們所在的單位牽頭舉辦了第一屆海軍裝備腐蝕控制和新材料發展論壇,包括六名中國工程院院士在內的250余名國內專家暢所欲言,加強軍事需求和新技術的相結合。我們的科研工作必須面向部隊,從實戰出發,為戰斗力服務,一切從研戰謀戰出發,向強軍勝戰用力。”

    曹京宜:涂料也是戰斗力

    今年一開年,海軍裝備技術研究所涂料研究室青年女工程師曹京宜,就在人們羨慕和贊許的目光里,用她那雙纖小的手接過一枚金燦燦的二等功獎章。

    就是這雙纖小的手,在短短8年時間里,研制開發出具有自主知識產權的新型海洋涂料,捧回3項軍隊科技進步獎,4項國家發明專利,兩項實用新型專利,撰寫了60多萬字的專著,發表論文45篇,繪制出海軍涂料王國的新藍圖。

    涂料,在常人眼里,就是起個美觀和保護作用,沒什么了不起的高深學問。可學化工的曹京宜知道它的重要性,尤其是大學畢業當了海軍,她更體會到了軍用涂料對海軍艦艇戰斗力的至關重要。今年32歲的曹京宜從踏入軍營的第一天起,就暗下決心,要研制出適合中國海軍艦艇使用的軍用涂料。

    海軍艦艇每時每刻都需要細心的呵護,每使用一段時間,還得進行小修、中修和大修。無論是日常維護,還是大修、中修、小修,涂料是艦艇最離不了的東西之一。通過調查,曹京宜發現目前海軍艦艇使用的涂料有近千種,但最常用的是船殼漆。穿梭于大洋的艦艇經常會受風吹、日曬、雨淋和海水沖擊。船殼漆是艦艇的“外衣”,是艦艇防腐、防污的第一道屏障。由于過去常用的氯化橡膠船殼漆,雖然達到了一定的防腐和防蝕能力,但對人體還是有一定影響,國際上已限制生產和使用。

    必須研制出一種低毒、低污染的船殼漆來替代原有的產品。曹京宜翻閱了大量的資料,并從網上了解到能替代的化工產品目前我國只有9個廠家能夠生產。通過對產品樣本化驗,她發現這些產品存在兩個共性問題:一是由于船體常年要接受海浪的沖擊,涂料在船體表面的附著能力不夠,容易脫落,對船體的損傷也很大;二是涂料中含有橡膠成分,存放時間超過一年就會固化,涂料沒法使用,易造成浪費。為了解決這兩個問題,曹京宜和研究所的幾名研究人員一起,從渤海跑到南海,經過幾千次的實驗,終于研制出一種保質期大大延長的新型船殼漆,這一科研成果在部隊得到了廣泛應用。

    一次,曹京宜和施工人員在湛江基地某大型輔助船淡水艙進行實船試驗時,由于艙室狹小、通風能力弱,涂料揮發出來的氣味嗆人,施工人員還沒呆上一小時,就有人暈倒在艙內。在場的曹京宜通過艦艇官兵了解到,艦艇上有許多特殊的部位帶濕、帶銹,這些部位由于地方狹小,很難進行正常粉刷施工。而這些部位處理不好,輕者會對艦艇內艙造成腐蝕、銹爛,重者將會造成艦艇鋼材料洞穿。

    研究一種在潮濕、帶銹環境下,短時間內即涂即成的涂料,又成了曹京宜的重點課題。正是這一海軍特色課題的研究成果,結束了過去艦艇上流傳的“刮不完的鐵銹,除不盡的油污”的“神話”,艦員們在潮濕和帶銹的情況下,使用曹京宜和同事們研究的特種艦用涂料,可輕松地完成一些特殊部位的防腐防銹工作。這種特殊涂料屬國際首創,其綜合防腐性能達到國際領先水平,獲得了國家發明專利。

    有人這樣比喻,涂料研究幾乎是一場人與有毒有害元素的搏斗,同這些兇如猛獸的有毒有害元素打交道,需要智慧,更需要勇氣和毅力。在這場搏斗中,曹京宜懷孕11周的胎兒停止了發育,但這慘痛的經歷也不能阻擋她前進的步伐。

    1995年仲夏,曹京宜和同事成功研制出一種特種防腐涂料,為了檢驗這種涂料的性能,她和研究室主任一起來到油田進行野外試驗。白天烈日照射下的鋼質密封罐體溫度高達60攝氏度以上,施工人員根本進不了實驗現場,只有到晚上10點以后,罐體溫度下降到30攝氏度左右才能進行實驗。這種涂料屬易爆物溶劑,又在密封的油罐中實驗,曹京宜冒著超濃度的有機溶劑氣味,靠防爆照明燈微弱的光線,常常一干就是一個通宵。幾天之后,曹京宜感到身體嚴重不適,皮膚過敏、疼痛。油田的工作人員勸她停止實驗,但曹京宜搶著穿上厚重的防護服,一頭扎進封閉密罐中。一連奮戰十幾個通宵,曹京宜終于取得了寶貴的第一手實驗數據。

    采訪結束時,曹京宜向我們透露了今后兩年自己打算研究納米涂料和通用型船底防銹漆的秘密。她還告訴我們:“我這一輩子,如果能在冷水救生、隱身涂料和水性涂料上有所成就就不感到遺憾了。”(中國青年報,該文報道于2003年)

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